The cramped room “exceptionally well preserved” was found to contain beds, pots and pans and other items used in the “precarious” life of the slave family. This provides a “very rare glimpse into the daily life of slaves” in Roman life.
A completely intact room that once housed slaves has been discovered on the outskirts of the ancient Roman city of Pompeii.
Three wooden beds, a basin and a wooden chest containing metal and fabric items were among the items found in the cramped living quarters of a large villa in Civita Giuliana, a few feet from the walls. Pompeii city about 700 m northwest.
The discovery comes almost a year after the remains of two victims of a 79 AD eruption on Mount Vesuvius, believed to be his master and slave, were found in the same mansion.
A carriage shaft was also found in the room, which archaeologists say was once the humble residence of a small family who carried out daily tasks in the villa, including preparing and vehicle maintenance.
The only natural light in the 16 square meter space comes from a small window above and doesn’t have any decorations on the walls.
Gabriel Zuchtriegel, director of the Pompeii archaeological park, said the discovery was “exceptional”, especially as it offered a rare insight “into the precarious reality of people who rarely appear in the caves”. historical sources, written almost exclusively by upper-class men”.
Several personal items were found under the bed, including a large amphorae used to store personal possessions and a ceramic vase. The three beds, one child-sized, are made of rope and wooden planks.
“What stood out the most was how cramped and precarious this room was, it was located between a dormitory and a storage room,” says Zuchtriegel. “It was certainly one of the most exciting discoveries of my life as an archaeologist, even without the presence of great ‘treasures’.
Excavation at the estate of the villa Civita Giuliana began in 2017 and several relics have been found, including a ceremonial carriage and a stable containing the remains of three harnessed horses.
In May, three frescoes looted from the mansion in 2012 were returned to the archaeological park.
Embryos were created from the remains of two Vesuvius victims found in the villa in November 2020. The two men, lying close to each other, are believed to have escaped the early stages of the eruption, when they were formed. The city was covered in volcanic ash and pumice, only to be killed by another explosion the next day.
The younger man, perhaps between 18 and 25 years old, had some compression of his vertebrae, leading them to believe he was a manual laborer or slave, experts said. Men between the ages of 30 and 40 with stronger bone structure, especially around the chest area, are allowed to wear ao dai. They were found lying in a hallway in the mansion.
In August 2021, the partially mummified remains, including hair and bones, of a former slave who rose through the ranks of society were found in a grave at the Porta Sarno necropolis, one of the main gates of Pompeii.